1 University of the State Fiscal Service of Ukraine (Irpen, Ukraine)
2 National Bioresources and Nature Management University of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Received: 19 May 2020 / Аccepted: 15 July 2020 / Published: 3 October 2020
The article proves that the widespread use of philosophical ideas is characteristic of liberal Orthodox theological comprehension of modern cosmology, carried out by Alexei Nesteruk. Among these ideas, the most influential was Kant’s doctrine of things in themselves and his teleology, the metaphysical doctrine of analogies, the doctrine of contemplation of the mind, borrowed from Schelling teaching and Russian religious philosophy. The theological understanding of these philosophical concepts allows formulating a new interpretation of the anthropic principle, the initial conditions for the existence of the Universe, and its eschatological future. The form of ideas of Alexei Nesteruk was influenced by the phenomenology of Jean-Luc Marion, the post-metaphysical theology of Sergiy Khoruzhy and Christos Yannaras. As postmodern ideas do not define the content of theology of Alexei Nesteruk, the theory of Volodimir Hritsyshyn about the postmodern nature of Nesteruk’s speculation about cosmology is under discussion. Specifically, these speculations have only a postmodern form of expression but are a controversial combination of theologically redefined metaphysical and Kantian concepts by themselves.
Keywords: liberal Orthodox, phenomenology, Alexei Nesteruk, modern theology, post-metaphysical theology
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