1 National Transport University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
2 National Transport University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Received: 6 May 2020 / Аccepted: 2 July 2020 / Published: 3 October 2020
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The authors studied the problem of techno-humanitarian balance. A difference was found in approaches to the study of technological progress and its impact on the development of society. The ideas of transhumanism, existential risk, etc. suggested by Nick Bostrom, David Pearce, etc. provided a utilitarian attitude towards new technologies. The representatives of transhumanism proceeded from the idea that any technology is part of human nature and expanded its presence in life. Nazaretyan’s ideas were based on the opposite premise. Namely, man and technology have a different nature of origin. Hence, the need arises to adapt to a non-native environment and create certain restraining mechanisms. The societies that failed to adapt to the exponential spread of information and communication technologies in time undermined the natural and/or geopolitical foundations of their existence. In turn, the societies that have adapted to new technologies have achieved sustainable development and prosperity. The authors used the comparative method of research, as well as methods of modelling, analysis, and synthesis. The study resulted in the testing of two models of the relationship between society and technology, built on the Nazaretyan hypothesis and the Bostrom concept. The test results proved the effectiveness of the model, built on the concept of Bostrom. The model presents the general dynamic nature of man and technology.
Keywords: techno-humanitarian balance, Akop Nazaretyan, philosophy of transhumanism, technoengineering, existential risk, Nick Bostrom, process philosophy
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