1 S. I. Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia)
Received: 5 May 2020 / Accepted: 2 July 2020 / Published: 3 October 2020
The paper considers the philosophical, historical, practical, and futurological aspects of the whole complex of relationships between human and humanity with the Moon from being an object of cognition, exploration, usage, and development to total colonization in the paradigm of the global future and expansion into outer space. A “comprehensive” definition of the concept of “Moon exploration” is given. The article provides periodization and a brief description of the history and prospects of the exploration of the Moon in the context of evolution of goals, concepts, projects, and technologies. The concept of total exploration and colonization of the Moon is developed, which includes: a general model of the exploration process; a general super global project covering many individual projects; environmentally friendly technologies and projects (their general classification and examples). The main conclusions are formulated.
Keywords: history, classification, concept, space, research, exploration and colonization of the Moon, project, humanity, evolution, environmentally friendly technology
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