1 Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow, Russia)
2 State University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Nicolae Testemitanu” (Chisinau, Moldova)
3 National Research Technological University “MISiS” (Moscow, Russia)
Received: 23 February 2018 / Accepted: 10 April 2018 / Published: 10 October 2018
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In the work notes that the preservation of the planet’s biosphere and its ecosystems (especially mountain) is one of the main goals of the transition to such a global process as sustainable development. Moreover, not only the goal, but also with the condition of its realization, is the natural foundation on which sustainable development should be realized as a successively unfolding new socio-natural process. The concept of planetary boundaries is discussed, which concretizes the concept of “the carrying capacity of the biosphere” and defines “a safe working space for humanity”, that allows it to survive and further develop progressively. The concept of planetary boundaries establishes a corridor of global environmental security, within which the biosphere is minimally destroyed by anthropogenic activities.
Keywords: biosphere, carrying capacity of ecosystems, mountain sustainable development, natural security, planetary boundaries, safety, social constraints, sustainable development
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