1 Institute of Philosophy RAS (Moscow, Russia)
Received: 5 February 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 10 October 2018
The article analyzes the interpretation of the future, in which the person either does not have a place or is expected by a sad fate. Other past religious interpretations of the future are also being considered. The problem arose only in the culture of the new time, when faith and reason were contrasted and understood as opposing realities, and the universe was interpreted in the spirit of natural sciences, that is, as a physical reality. There were various paradoxes. A vivid example of such paradoxes the author sees in the works of Vadim Kazyutinsky, who studied the concepts of the universe and galaxies. In particular, his research allows us to assert that cosmology by basic parameters should be attributed to a scientific discipline of the humanitarian type, which does not exclude the presence in it of various physical and other natural sciences disciplines. The position of the well-known Russian philosopher Alexey Losev, who points to the boundaries of explanation in the spirit of the natural sciences, is also analyzed. In the second half of the article, alternative scenarios (Vadim Kazyutinsky, Hannah Arendt and the author) are discussed to overcome the pessimistic understanding of the future. For the author it is humanitarian nature of philosophy. For Kazyutinsky, the worldview that the Stoics professed, as well as faith man and humanity. For Hannah Arendt — the clarification of the crisis of our thought and civilization. The conclusion is drawn that the considered vision of reality, characteristic of rationalism and natural sciences, is an alternative, and not one.
Keywords: future, man, universe, galaxies, scenarios, alternative
Arendt, Hannah (2014) Conquest of space and the man’s status. Between the past and the future. Moscow.
Bibikhin, Vladimir (2005) From Alexey Losev’s stories. The Siberian orthodox newspaper, 1. Available online: http://www.ihtus.ru/012005/c1.shtml
David-Neel, Alexandra (1992) With Mystics and Magicians in Tibet. Moscow.
Kazyutinsky, Vadim (1999) Traditions and revolution in modern astronomy. (Doctoral dissertation). Institute of philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow.
Writings of John Chrysostom (1896) Archbishop Constantinople. SPb., 1896, Vol. 2, Book 1.