1 Institute of the History of Science and Technology named after S.I. Vavilov RAS (Moscow, Russia)
Received: 18 June 2017 / Accepted 10 August 2017 / Published: May 2, 2018
The concept of further space exploration is proposed, which includes four interrelated super global projects:1) Earth Protection System from Asteroid and Comet Threat; 2) Moon Exploration; 3) Mars Exploration; 4) Cosmic Humanity. Since the humanity is embarking on the practical implementation of these super global projects, it is urgent to make a transition towards a new technology based order, as well as up-to-date technologies. A couple of ecological projects and space exploration technologies of the 20th and 21st centuries have been exemplified and analyzed. It has been also worked out the list of new environmentally friendly space technologies and projects. The research makes an emphasis upon a great potential of clean and green technologies within space exploration area, but it states the necessity of controlling and managing the transition towards such environmentally friendly options. A new wave of space awareness and exploration is currently arising in the world, whereas the boundaries of space activities are being constantly expanding. Consequently, the humanity is bound to reach a new level of space study by working out and implementing the global strategy aimed at synthesizing new super global programs and efficient eco-technologies and projects in the paradigm of balanced sustainable “green” development on Earth and in the Universe. To achieve these objectives successfully there is a need for anticipatory philosophical reflection and interdisciplinary examination of recent projects and technologies in space exploration in order to study and correct them.
Keywords: space activity, Space Age, space exploration, environment, super global projects, sustainable “green” development, clean technology, environmentally friendly technologies and projects.
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